23February2019

Nano-Micro Letters

In Situ Preparation and Analysis of Bimetal Co-doped Mesoporous Graphitic Carbon Nitride with Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity

Wanbao Wu1, Zhaohui Ruan2, Junzhuo Li1, Yudong Li1, Yanqiu Jiang1,*, Xianzhu Xu1, Defeng Li1, Yuan Yuan2,*, Kaifeng Lin1,*

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Nano-Micro Lett. (2019) 11: 10

First Online: 23 January 2019 (Article)

DOI:10.1007/s40820-018-0236-y

*Corresponding author. E-mail: jiangyanqiu@hit.edu.cn (Yanqiu Jiang) ; yuanyuan83@hit.edu.cn (Yuan Yuan);  linkaifeng@hit.edu.cn (Kaifeng Lin)

 

Abstract

 


Toc

A novel photocatalyst of mesoporous graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) co-doped with Co and Mo (Co/Mo-MCN) has been one-pot synthesized via a simple template-free method; Co chloride and Mo disulfide were used as the Co and Mo sources, respectively. The characterization results evidently indicate that Mo atoms incorporated in the framework of g-C3N4 and as a catalyst for promoting the decomposition of g-C3N4, resulting in the creation of mesopores. The obtained Co/Mo-MCN exhibited a significant enhancement of the photocatalytic activity in H2 evolution (8.6 times) and Rhodamine B degradation (10.1 times) under visible light irradiation compared to pristine g-C3N4. Furthermore, density functional theory calculations were applied to further understand the photocatalytic enhancement mechanism of the optical absorption properties at the atomic level after Co- or Mo-doping. Finite-difference time-domain simulations were performed to evaluate the effect of the mesopore structures on the light absorption capability. The results revealed that both the bimetal doping and the mesoporous architectures resulted in an enhanced optical absorption; this phenomenon was considered to have played a critical role in the improvement in the photocatalytic performance of Co/Mo-MCN.


 

Keywords

Co-doped g-C3N4, Porous g-C3N4, Photocatalysis, Optical simulation, Light absorption intensity

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