Nano-Micro Letters

Single NIR Laser-Activated Multifunctional Nanoparticles for Cascaded Photothermal and Oxygen-Independent Photodynamic Therapy

Xiaomin Li1, Yang Liu1, Fei Fu2, Mingbo Cheng1, Yutong Liu1, Licheng Yu1, Wei Wang1, Yeda Wan2, Zhi Yuan1, 3, *

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Nano-Micro Lett. (2019) 11: 68

First Online: 19 August 2019 (Article)


*Corresponding author. E-mail: zhiy@nankai.edu.cn  (Zhi Yuan)





Inconvenient dual-laser irradiation and tumor hypoxic environment as well as limited judgment of treating region have impeded the development of combined photothermal and photodynamic therapies (PTT and PDT). Herein, Bi2Se3@AIPH nanoparticles (NPs) are facilely developed to overcome these problems. Through a one-step method, free radical generator (AIPH) and phase transition material (lauric acid, LA, 44-46 °C) are encapsulated in hollow bismuth selenide nanoparticles (Bi2Se3 NPs). Under a single 808 nm laser irradiation at the tumor area, hyperthermia produced by Bi2Se3 not only directly leads to cell death, but also promotes AIPH release by melting LA and triggers free radical generation, which could further eradicate tumor cells in hypoxic environments. Moreover, Bi2Se3 with high X-ray attenuation coefficient endows the NPs with high computed tomography (CT) imaging capability, which is important for treating area determination. The results exhibit that Bi2Se3@AIPH possesses 31.2% photothermal conversion efficiency for enhanced PTT, ideal free radical generation for oxygen-independent PDT, 37.77 HU mLmg−1 X-ray attenuation coefficient for CT imaging with high quality. Most importantly, the tumor growth inhibition rate by synergistic PTT, PDT, and following  immunotherapy is 99.6%, and even one tumor disappears completely, which demonstrates excellent cascaded synergistic effect of Bi2Se3@AIPH for the tumor therapy.



Bi2Se3; Free radical; Oxygen-independent; Photothermal; Photodynamic

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