Nano-Micro Letters

Recent Progress and Approaches on Carbon-Free Energy from Water Splitting

Aslam Hossain1, K. Sakthipandi2, *, A.K.M. Atique Ullah3, Sanjay Roy4

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Nano-Micro Lett. (2019) 11: 103

First Online: 22 November 2019 (Article)


*Corresponding author. E-mail: (K. Sakthipandi)





Sunlight is the most abundant renewable energy resource, providing the earth with enough power that is capable of taking care of all of humanity’s desires – a hundred times over. However, as it is at times diffuse and intermittent, it raises issues concerning how best to reap this energy and store it for times when the sun isn't shining. With increasing population in the world and modern economic development, there will be an additional increase in energy demand. Devices that use daylight to separate water into individual chemical elements may well be the answer to this issue, as water splitting produces an ideal fuel. If such devices that generate fuel were to become widely adopted, they must be low in cost, both for supplying and operation. Therefore, it is essential to research for cheap technologies for water ripping. This review summarizes the progress made towards such development, the open challenges existing, and the approaches undertaken to generate carbon-free energy through water splitting.



Water splitting; Renewable energy sources; Hydrogen generation; Photocatalysis; Nanostructure

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