Nano-Micro Letters

K2Ti6O13 Nanoparticle-Loaded Porous rGO Crumples for Supercapacitors

Chongmin Lee1, 2, Sun Kyung Kim2, Hankwon Chang1, 2, Hee Dong Jang1, 2, *

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Nano-Micro Lett. (2020) 12: 10

First Online: 26 December 2019 (Article)

DOI:10.1007/s40820-019-0344-3

*Corresponding author. E-mail: hdjang@kigam.re.kr (Hee Dong Jang)

 

Abstract

 


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One dimensional alkali-metal titanates containing potassium, sodium, and lithium are of great concern owing to their high ion mobility, and high specific surface area. When those titantes are combined with conductive materials such as graphene, carbon nanotube, and carbon nanofiber, they are able to be employed as efficient electrode materials for supercapacitors. Potassium hexa-titanate (K2Ti6O13, KTO), in particular, has shown superior electrochemical properties compared to other alkali-metal titanates because of its large lattice parameters induced by the large radius of potassium ions. Here, we present porous rGO crumples (PGC) decorated with KTO nanoparticles (NPs) for application to supercapacitors. The KTO NP/PGC composites were synthesized by aerosol spray pyrolysis and post-heat treatment. KTO NPs less than 10 nm in diameter were loaded onto PGCs ranging from 3 to 5 µm. Enhanced porous structure of the composites was obtained by the activation of rGO by adding an excessive amount of KOH to the composites. The KTO NP/PGC composite electrodes fabricated at the GO:KOH:TiO2 ratio of 1:3:0.25 showed the highest performance (275 F g–1) in capacitance with different KOH concentrations and cycling stability (83%) after 2000 cycles at a current density of 1 A g–1.


 

Keywords

Potassium hexa-titanate; Porous graphene crumples; Supercapacitors

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