Nano-Micro Letters

Low-temperature Growing Anatase-TiO2/SnO2 Multi-dimensional Heterojunctions at MXene Conductive Network for High-efficient Perovskite Solar Cells

Linsheng Huang1, Xiaowen Zhou1, Rui Xue1, Pengfei Xu1, Siliang Wang1, Chao Xu1, Wei Zeng 1, * Yi Xiong2, 3, *, Hongqian Sang3, 4, Dong Liang1

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Nano-Micro Lett. (2020) 12: 44

First Online: 31 January 2020 (Article)


*Corresponding author. E-mail: youfmail@163.com (Wei Zeng); xiong@wtu.edu.cn or xiongyi@whu.edu.cn (Yi Xiong)





A multi-dimensional conductive heterojunction structure, composited by TiO2, SnO2, and Ti3C2TX MXene, is facilely designed and applied as electron transport layer in efficient and stable planar perovskite solar cells. Based on an oxygen vacancy scramble effect, the zero-dimensional anatase TiO2 quantum dots, surrounding on two-dimensional conductive Ti3C2TX sheets, are in situ rooted on three-dimensional SnO2 nanoparticles, constructing nanoscale TiO2/SnO2 heterojunctions. The fabrication is implemented in a controlled low-temperature anneal method in air and then in N2 atmospheres. With the optimal MXene content, the optical property, the crystallinity of perovskite layer, and internal interfaces are all facilitated, contributing more amount of carrier with effective and rapid transferring in device. The champion power conversion efficiency of resultant perovskite solar cells achieves 19.14%, yet that of counterpart is just 16.83%. In addition, it can also maintain almost 85% of its initial performance for more than 45 days in 30-40% humidity air, comparatively, the counterpart declines to just below 75% of its initial performance. 



In situ fabrication; Multi-dimensional heterojunction; Oxygen vacancy scramble effect; Electron transport layer; Perovskite solar cells

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