Nano-Micro Letters

Hierarchical Self-assembly of Well-defined Louver-like P-doped Carbon Nitride Nanowire Arrays with Highly Efficient Hydrogen Evolution

Bo Li1, Yuan Si1, Qian Fang1, Ying Shi2, Wei-Qing Huang1, *, Wangyu Hu1, *, Anlian Pan1, Xiaoxing Fan3, Gui-Fang Huang1, *

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Nano-Micro Lett. (2020) 12: 52

First Online: 17 February 2020 (Article)


*Corresponding author. E-mail: wqhuang@hnu.edu.cn (Wei-Qing Huang); wyuhu@hnu.edu.cn (Wangyu Hu); gfhuang@hnu.edu.cn (Gui-Fang Huang)





Self-assembled nanostructure arrays integrating the advantages of the intrinsic characters of nanostructure as well as the array stability are appealing in advanced materials. However, the precise bottom-up synthesis of nanostructure arrays without templates or substrates is quite challenging because of the general occurrence of homogeneous-nucleation and the difficult manipulation of noncovalent interactions. Herein, we first report the precisely-manipulated synthesis of well-defined louver-like P-doped carbon nitride nanowire arrays (L-PCN) via a supramolecular self-assembly method by regulating the noncovalent interactions through hydrogen bond. With this strategy, CN nanowires align in the outer frame with the separation and spatial location achieving ultrastability and outstanding photoelectricity properties. Significantly, this self-assembly L-PCN exhibits a superior visible light-driven hydrogen evolution activity of 1,872.9 μmol h-1 g-1, rendering a ~ 25.6-fold enhancement compared to bulk CN, and high photostability. Moreover, an apparent quantum efficiency (AQY) of 6.93% is achieved for hydrogen evolution at 420 ± 15 nm. The experimental results and first-principles calculations demonstrate that the remarkable enhancement of photocatalytic activity of L-PCN can be attributed to the synergetic effect of structural topology and dopant. These fndings suggest that we are able to design particular hierarchical nanostructures with desirable performance using hydrogen-bond engineering.



Self-assembly; Carbon nitride; P-doped; Nanowire arrays; Hydrogen evolution

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