Nano-Micro Letters

Improved Photoresponse of UV Photodetectors by the Incorporation of Plasmonic Nanoparticles on GaN through the Resonant Coupling of Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance

Sundar Kunwar1, Sanchaya Pandit1, Jae-Hun Jeong1, Jihoon Lee1, *

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Nano-Micro Lett. (2020) 12: 91

First Online: 13 April 2020 (Article)


*Corresponding author. E-mail: jihoonlee@kw.ac.kr (Jihoon Lee)





Very small metallic nanostructures, i.e., plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs), can demonstrate the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect, a characteristic of the strong light absorption, scattering and localized electromagnetic field via the collective oscillation of surface electrons upon on the excitation by the incident photons. The LSPR of plasmonic NPs can significantly improve the photoresponse of the photodetectors. In this work, significantly enhanced photoresponse of UV photodetectors is demonstrated by the incorporation of various plasmonic NPs in the detector architecture. Various size and elemental composition of monometallic Ag and Au NPs, as well as bi-metallic alloy AgAu NPs, are fabricated on GaN (0001) by the solid-state dewetting approach. The photoresponse of various NPs are tailored based on the geometric and elemental evolution of NPs, resulting in the highly enhanced photoresponsivity of 112 A W-1, detectivity of 2.4 × 1012 Jones and external quantum efficiency of 3.6 × 104 % with the high Ag percentage of AgAu alloy NPs at a low bias of 0.1 V. The AgAu alloy NP detector also demonstrates a fast photoresponse with the relatively short rise and fall time of less than 160 and 630 ms respectively. The improved photoresponse with the AgAu alloy NPs is correlated to the simultaneous effect of strong plasmon absorption and scattering, increased injection of hot electrons into the GaN conduction band and reduced barrier height at the alloy NPs/GaN interface. 



UV photodetection, NP-based photodetectors, Nanoparticles, Plasmonic enhancement

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