Nano-Micro Letters

Metal-Organic Framework Nanocarriers for Drug Delivery in Biomedical Applications

Yujia Sun1, 2, Liwei Zheng3, Yu Yang2, 4, Xu Qian5, Ting Fu1, 5, Xiaowei Li2, Zunyi Yang6, He Yan1, 2, Weihong Tan1, 5, 6, *

Abstract
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Nano-Micro Lett. (2020) 12: 103

First Online: 02 May 2020 (Review)

DOI:10.1007/s40820-020-00423-3

*Corresponding author. E-mail: tan@hnu.edu.cn (Weihong Tan)

 

Abstract

 


Toc

Investigation of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for biomedical applications has attracted much attention in recent years. MOFs are regarded as a promising class of nanocarriers for drug delivery owing to well-defined structure, ultrahigh surface area and porosity, tunable pore size, and easy chemical functionalization. In this review, the unique properties of MOFs and their advantages as nanocarriers for drug delivery in biomedical applications were discussed in the first section. Then, state-of-the-art strategies to functionalize MOFs with therapeutic agents were summarized, including surface adsorption, pore encapsulation, covalent binding, and functional molecules as building blocks. In the third section, the most recent biological applications of MOFs for intracellular delivery of drugs, proteins, and nucleic acids, especially aptamers, were presented. Finally, challenges and prospects were comprehensively discussed to provide context for future development of MOFs as efficient drug delivery systems.


 

Keywords

Metal-organic frameworks; Drugs; Biomolecules; Drug delivery; Biomedical applications

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