19September2019

Nano-Micro Letters

Inorganic and Organic Solution-Processed Thin Film Devices

Morteza Eslamian1,2,*

Abstract
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1Photovoltaics Lab, University of Michigan-Shanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China

2State Key Lab of Composite Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China

Nano-Micro Lett.(2017) 9: 3

Published online:08 September 2016 (Review)

DOI:10.1007/s40820-016-0106-4

*Corresponding author.E-mail: Morteza.Eslamian@sjtu.edu.cnMorteza.Eslamian@gmail.com


 

Abstract

 


Figure discription XXX

Thin films and thin film devices have a ubiquitous presence in numerous conventional and emerging technologies. This is because of the recent advances in nanotechnology and the development of functional and smart materials, conducting polymers, molecular semiconductors, carbon nanotubes and graphene, and the employment of unique properties of thin films and ultrathin films, such as high surface area, controlled nanostructure for effective charge transfer, and special physical and chemical properties, to develop new thin film devices. This paper is therefore intended to provide a concise critical review and research directions on most thin film devices, including thin film transistors, data storage memory, solar cells, organic light emitting diodes, thermoelectric devices, smart materials, sensors and actuators. The thin film devices may consist of organic, inorganic, and composite thin layers, and share similar functionality, properties and fabrication routes. Therefore, due to the multidisciplinary nature of thin film devices, knowledge and advances already made in one area may be applicable to other similar areas. Owing to the importance of developing low-cost, scalable, and vacuum-free fabrication routes, this paper focuses on thin film devices that may be processed and deposited from solution.   

 

Keywords

Organic electronics; Photovoltaics; Thin film transistors; Thermoelectric devices; Organic light emitting diodes; Smart materials; Sensors and actuators; Solution-processed methods